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SURGERY FOR BREAST CANCER IS NOT ABOUT REMOVING BREASTS, ALWAYS… While all this continued as the standard of care for the first 65 years of the 20th century, some smart minds in the medical field started questioning the necessity of performing such radical surgeries to get optimum results. Trials got underway to compare mastectomy versus breast conservation surgery in the 1970s. A pathologist turned surgeon, Dr Umberto Veronesi, pioneered the most convincing trial in Milan. He was able to show that breast conservation surgery (removal of the lump with a surrounding 1 cm margin of normal breast tissue) followed by radiation therapy to the rest of the breast in properly selected patients yielded the same results as a complete removal of the breast. I am quite convinced that it is the pathologist in this surgeon who urged him to go for this trial. He had probably seen while looking at the breast as a pathologist that far too much was being done to address small cancers in the breast. Finally, women with breast cancer had a choice…. For more information on breast cancer, please contact Dr Geeta Kadayaprath, Breast Surgeon, Max Cancer Centre, Delhi, India
...SURGERY FOR BREAST CANCER IS NOT ABOUT REMOVING BREASTS, ALWAYS…(contd.) The treatment of breast cancer has undergone major improvements and this has been reflected in how the outcomes have changed dramatically for the better. While curing the disease is a priority, maintaining quality of life is as important. The journey that has been covered before us is no less fascinating and the constant endeavor to make it better for the patient has driven the change. Mutilating surgeries in the form of amputation of the breast and then radical mastectomy (removal of the breast, muscles of the chest and the lymph nodes in the armpit ) or the extended radical mastectomy( same as radical mastectomy but with the additional removal of lymph nodes inside the chest) remained in vogue for a larger part of the 20th century. ...to be continued.....More history in the next update
Delhi Breast Oncology Group will meet formally tomorrow and will hold its first CME at Max Hospital Patparganj, Delhi. I have had the pleasure of putting together a group which has been the dream of many like minded people.Tomorrow, there will be discussions on the formal structure of this group. We will meet on the first saturday of every 2nd month in all partnering institutes in alphabetical order. I will post the case discussions here. More from me tomorrow. For further details-please contact Dr Geeta Kadayaprath, Head, Breast Surgical Oncology, Max Cancer Centre, Patparganj, Delhi
SURGERY FOR BREAST CANCER IS NOT ABOUT REMOVING BREASTS, ALWAYS… In the 1960’s, the conviction that breast cancer was a systemic disease at inception and not a local disease, prompted trials to address one question- ‘Are we doing too much?’ Radical mastectomy was replaced by modified radical mastectomy- a procedure not as mutilating as radical mastectomy ( the chest muscles were preserved)but still one, which involved loss of an organ. Moreover, to a woman, it meant much more than the loss of an organ. It probably entailed a huge psychological blow besides casting a shadow on her feminity. She, being the woman she was, in those days, came to terms with this loss, in the best manner possible. All that mattered to her was her getting well, on her feet and ready to discharge the duties of a wife, mother, daughter and more. And there was really no choice then because the doctors treating her were also convinced that sacrificing the breast was the only chance of getting well. More tomorrow.....on Evolution of treatment
SURGERY FOR BREAST CANCER IS NOT ABOUT REMOVING BREASTS, ALWAYS… With improvements in chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormonal treatment and targeted therapy, breast conservation surgery has now become the treatment of choice in select patients. While it is possible to conserve the breast in early breast cancer, it is possible to offer this treatment in patients with locally advanced breast cancer also, where chemotherapy is administered first to shrink the tumor. If the tumor shrinks towards the centre and is marked while the patient is on chemotherapy, it may be possible to conserve the breast when surgery is performed after completion of chemotherapy. The philosophy behind this paradigm shift is quite obvious- that long term outcomes in terms of disease free survival and overall survival is not different with either surgical procedures. The choice is real and scientific… For more information on breast cancer, please contact Dr Geeta Kadayaprath, Breast Surgeon, Max Cancer Centre, Delhi, India
SURGERY FOR BREAST CANCER IS NOT ABOUT REMOVING BREASTS, ALWAYS… ………..And that brings us back to Neena. An MR mammogram was done keeping in view her age and dense breasts. The MR mammogram showed a solitary 2cm lump in upper half of the breast with no significant lymph nodes in the armpit. With this newfound information, I opined that I would offer her breast conservation surgery with oncoplasty (surgical technique to restore shape to the breast) and sentinel lymph node biopsy (few nodes in the armpit sampled guided by radio-isotope and blue dye, sent to pathologist to check for any spread of disease). Her joy knew no bounds and she opted to go ahead with breast conservation surgery. The surgery went off well and fortunately for her, the sentinel node biopsy came back as negative for spread. She did not require all the nodes in the armpit to be removed with its attendant 20% risk of developing arm swelling. Her risk of arm swelling is probably less than 5% now. She was discharged the next day, without any tubes coming out of her body. She was complete in a sense………….and there was really no way to tell she had undergone surgery for breast cancer! For more information on breast cancer, please contact Dr Geeta Kadayaprath, Delhi, India
It was Breast Support Group meeting on Thursday, 18.12.14.The Champions who had been through the journey of breast cancer had come in to encourage the ones who had just started treatment. What is exceptional about this interaction is that the conviction of being able to go through treatment goes up manifold when the ones who have gone through the process and have recovered completely, counsel the new kids on the block. I believe it is the fear of the unknown and the feeling of isolation that puts you on the back foot. The interesting methods of coping with the situation related by the champions, is very encouraging. The smiles, laughters, jokes...... all give the impending process of treatment, the much desired sanity!!! For more information on breast cancer, please contact Dr Geeta Kadayaprath, Delhi, India
Breast cancer is a growing problem in India and all of Asia and threatens to deluge our health services by 2030.What is worrisome is that we do not have the resources to match the growing incidence. We have to start looking for indigenous solutions to our problem of breast cancer. We do have a good pool of talent especially in the autonomous institutions and the private sector, doing good work but there is very little support to encourage them to pool together data and make sense of it. The numbers that we see every year should, ideally, have provided us with a lot of answers, had we pooled our data and presented it to the world. In an attempt to push this possibility, I brought together like minded surgeons and created a group, the Delhi Breast Oncology Group (DBOG), on 6th November, 2014.We are in the process of giving it a formal shape and the first step in this direction will be taken on the 3rd of January 2014, when we meet again. Max Cancer Centre will host this meeting and the first CME(case discussions) as well on 3.1.15. All clinicians with an interest in breast cancer ( Surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, radiologists, pathologists etc.)are cordially invited to attend this program. For further information, please contact Dr Geeta Kadayaprath, Head , Breast Surgical Oncology, Max Cancer Centre, Patparganj, Delhi, India
Another year comes to an end.... a year full of challenges, some met ....some transferred to the next year.Professionally, I made an important decision ... of focussing my energies at one centre instead of hopping between two. Now, I head the breast services at Max Cancer Centre, Patparganj, alone. I am able to be involved in the entire process of entry to exit of my patients with breast cancer.The Support Group meetings, the academic meetings, the surgical work, the post operative care, the process of auditing my own work to constantly improve the care, have taken off and I believe these are a few steps in the right direction.The endeavour to excel continues...... The new year beckons.....It will be 2015 in a few hours. Tomorrow will be the first Breast support group meeting of the year. The enthusiasm of my champions is all pervasive and we will, together, celebrate life with renewed vigor and new hopes.Breast cancer will be a forgotten word....smiles, chatter, dancing, eating, sharing and a sense of camaradarie will dominate proceedings. I am looking forward to it..All are welcome to join!!! For further details, please contact Dr Geeta Kadayaprath, Head, Breast Services, Max Cancer Centre, Patparganj, Delhi
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